Volume 4, Issue 3-1, June 2016, Page: 18-22
Carcass Characteristics of Growing West African Dwarf Goats Fed Diets Containing Graded Levels of Steam-Treated Cashew Nut Shell
Ocheja J. O., Department of Animal Production, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria
Ayoade J. A., Department of Animal Production, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
Attah S., Department of Animal Production, University of Agriculture, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
Netala J., Depaerment of Food Nutrition and Home Science, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria
Ocheni J., Depaerment of Food Nutrition and Home Science, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria
Oyibo A., Department of Animal Production, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Kogi State, Nigeria
Received: Apr. 13, 2016;       Accepted: Apr. 14, 2016;       Published: Jun. 4, 2016
DOI: 10.11648/j.avs.s.2016040301.14      View  4374      Downloads  143
Abstract
Twenty (20) West African dwarf backs were used to investigate the effects of diets containing graded levels of cashew nutshell on carcass characteristics. The goats were randomly allotted to five (5) treatments of four (4) goats each, the goats were fed the supplement containing 0%, 10%, 15% and 20% cashew nut shell for T1, and T2, T3 and T4 respectively, at 100g / goat/day. The experiment lasted for 100 days after an adjustment period of 14 days. On the last day of the feeding trial three (3) goats each were slaughtered per treatment and carcass yield, whole sale cuts and organo-leptic properties evaluated. Completely randomized experimental design was used and data were analysed using a one way analysis of Variance. Treatment means were separated using least significant difference with the aid of SPSS (2006) 16th version. The dressing percentage ranged from 53.14% (T3) to 57.54% (T1) but was not significantly (p >0.05) different. There were significant (p >0.05) differences in the values for slaughter weight, dressed weight and meat to bone ratio. The values did not follow any definite trend. There was no significant (p >0.05) difference in the relative weight of the head; neck, thigh, shoulder, Ribs, back and Belly. The values for flavor ranged from 3.8 (T1) to 4.0 (T2, T3andT4) but were not significantly (p >0.05) different. The values for juiciness, tenderness, leanness, palatability and overall carcass quality showed significant differences. It was concluded that goats in T2 (10% level of inclusion of cashew nut shell) had the best carcass characteristics. Further research using other species of ruminants like sheep and cattle was suggested.
Keywords
Carcass, West African dwarf Goats, Steam-Treated, Nut Shell
To cite this article
Ocheja J. O., Ayoade J. A., Attah S., Netala J., Ocheni J., Oyibo A., Carcass Characteristics of Growing West African Dwarf Goats Fed Diets Containing Graded Levels of Steam-Treated Cashew Nut Shell, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Special Issue: Animal Science and Climate Change. Vol. 4, No. 3-1, 2016, pp. 18-22. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.s.2016040301.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2016 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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