Volume 8, Issue 6, November 2020, Page: 117-123
Growth and Hematological Performances of Broilers Fed on Meal and Protein Isolate of Mucuna pruriens Seeds
Mweugang Ngouopo Nathalie, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Miegoue Emile, Animal Nutrition and Production Research Unit, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Djitie Kouatcho Francois, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Yacouba Manga, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Pelyang Maurice, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Youssoufa Tchoubou, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Madjou Solange, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Njintang Yanou Nicolas, Department of Biological Sciences, Faculty of Sciences, University of Ngaoundere, Ngaoundere, Cameroon
Pamo Tedonkeng Etienne, Animal Nutrition and Production Research Unit, Department of Animal Production, Faculty of Agronomy and Agricultural Sciences, University of Dschang, Dschang, Cameroon
Received: Oct. 7, 2020;       Accepted: Oct. 26, 2020;       Published: Nov. 11, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.avs.20200806.11      View  135      Downloads  44
Abstract
The potential for the utilization of Mucuna seeds as an alternative source of protein was evaluated by presoaking in water then in sodium bicarbonate solution + boiling treatment on the one hand and isolating protein technique on the second hand on the growth and hematological performances of broilers. A total of 135 one-day-old Cobb500 broilers, divided into three groups of 45 animals each were randomly allocated to three treatment diets with 3 replicates (n=15/replicate) each per treatment and fed ad libitum with three iso-protein diets: Diet 1 (RTS) given to the Control batch contained soya bean meal and this principal protein source was completely replaced by M. pruriens seeds meal in Diet 2 (RFM) and by protein isolated from M. pruriens in Diet 3 (RIM) given to batches 2 and 3 respectively. Results revealed that FI, ADG, PER, Carcass yield, Hb and Hct were comparable but significantly (p<0.05) low in broilers fed RFM (77.01 g/26.16 g/1.99/68.69%, 11.98 g/dL/28.46% respectively) and RIM (76.98 g/25.88 g/2.08/67.61%, 12.05 g/dL/28.28% respectively) diets and also in all characteristics of the digestive tract. The inverse trend i.e. highest (p<0.05) but comparable values of Heart (0.74 g/RFM; 0.77 g/RIM) was observed in these same animals; Birds fed RIM diet registered the lowest (p<0.05) BWG (711.04 g) and LW (799.65 g) but the highest (p<0.05) FCR (3.45). These results suggest that meal and protein isolate of M. pruriens seeds could be valorised in broiler diet subject to further investigations in growth-finishing phase.
Keywords
Mucuna pruriens, Types of Proteins, Broilers, Growth Performances, Blood Indices
To cite this article
Mweugang Ngouopo Nathalie, Miegoue Emile, Djitie Kouatcho Francois, Yacouba Manga, Pelyang Maurice, Youssoufa Tchoubou, Madjou Solange, Njintang Yanou Nicolas, Pamo Tedonkeng Etienne, Growth and Hematological Performances of Broilers Fed on Meal and Protein Isolate of Mucuna pruriens Seeds, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 6, 2020, pp. 117-123. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20200806.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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