Volume 8, Issue 5, September 2020, Page: 99-103
Prevalence of Newcastle Disease Virus Antibodies in Apparently Healthy Chickens in Sierra Leone
Abdulai Mahmood Conteh, Department of Animal Science, School of Agriculture, Njala Main Campus, Njala University, Freetown, Sierra Leone
Sheku Kenway Moiforay, Department of Animal Science, School of Agriculture, Njala Main Campus, Njala University, Freetown, Sierra Leone
Mahmud Emkay Sesay, Department of Animal Science, School of Agriculture, Njala Main Campus, Njala University, Freetown, Sierra Leone
Sanpha Kallon, Department of Animal Science, School of Agriculture, Njala Main Campus, Njala University, Freetown, Sierra Leone
Received: Apr. 24, 2020;       Accepted: May 19, 2020;       Published: Sep. 8, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.avs.20200805.12      View  80      Downloads  76
The study was conducted in the southern province of Sierra Leone for a period of seven months (March – September 2019). The main objective of the study was to investigate the seroprevalence level of Newcastle disease antibodies in apparently healthy free-range chickens in selected chiefdoms in the Moyamba District of Sierra Leone. A total of three hundred and thirty-three chickens were included in the study. Sera samples collected were analyzed using competitive Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). The result of the investigation revealed an overall prevalence of 56.4% from which 21.6% and 34.8% were male and female chickens respectively. Kaiyamba chiefdom recorded the highest antibodies (73.9%), followed by Lower Banta (53.1%) and Bumpe (42.3%) chiefdoms. The difference in the prevalence of each category showed that adult female chickens were the most susceptible (67.5%) to Newcastle disease followed by the growers (55.8%) and adult male chickens (45.9%). Due to the lack of Newcastle disease vaccination history in the study areas, indigenous chickens had been exposed to the disease naturally in all the chiefdoms. Raising awareness about the disease through effective extension programs and improved animal healthcare services and husbandry practices is of great importance.
Antibodies, Free-range, Newcastle Disease, Seroprevalence, Sierra Leone, Indigenous Chicken
To cite this article
Abdulai Mahmood Conteh, Sheku Kenway Moiforay, Mahmud Emkay Sesay, Sanpha Kallon, Prevalence of Newcastle Disease Virus Antibodies in Apparently Healthy Chickens in Sierra Leone, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 5, 2020, pp. 99-103. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20200805.12
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
"erences Al-Garib, S. O., Gielkens, A. L. J., and Koch, G., 2003. Review of Newcastle disease virus with particular references to immunity and vaccination. World’s Poultry Science Journal, 59, 185-197.
Nworie, O., Ezeifeka, G. O., Ogbu, O., Ogbu, M. A., Anyim, C., Ugwu, J. I., and Okoli, C. S., 2012. Sero-prevalence of Newcastle disease in Humans and apparently cross-breed of chickens in Nigeria. Central European Journal of Experimental Biology, 1 (2): 69-73. www.scholarsresearchlibrary.comt.
Chen, S., Hao, H., Wang, X., Du, E., Lui, H., Yang, T., Lui, Y., Fu, X., Zhang, P., and Yang, Z., 2013. Genomic characterization of a lentogenic Newcastle disease virus strain HX01 isolated from sick pigs in China. Virus Genes. Vol. 46 (2): 264-70.
Alexander, D. J., (2000). Newcastle disease and other avian paramyxoviruses. Revue Scientifique et Technique Office in International des Epizooties, vol. 19 (2): 443-462.
OIE, 2000. Newcastle disease, Manual of standard for diagnostic tests and vaccines, 5th Edn Office International des Epizootics (OIE), Paris, pp: 104-124.
Aziz, A. G. T., and Ahmed, T. A., 2010. Serological survey of Newcastle disease in domestic chickens in Sulaimani Province. Journal of Zankay Sulaimani, 13: 31-38.
Ngaji, L. W., Nyaga, P. N., Mbuthia, P. G., Bebora, L. A, and Michieka, J. N., 2010. Prevalence of Newcastle disease virus in village indigenous chickens in varied agro-ecological zones in Kenya. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 22: 1-4.
Okeke, E. N., and Lamorde, A. G., 1988. Newcastle disease and its control in Nigeria, in viral disease of animals in Africa, A. Olufemi Williams and Masiga, W. N., Eds., CTA/OAU/STRC/Publication, Lagos, Nigeria, 1988.
Kraneveld, F. C. 1926. A poultry disease in the Dutch East Indies. Nederlands-Indische Bladen voor Diergeneeskunde, 38: 448-450.
Doyle, T. M. 1927. A hitherto unrecorded disease of fowls due to a filter-passing virus. Journal of Comparative Pathology and Therapeutics, 40: 144-169.
Herczeg, J., Wehmann, E., Bragg, R. R. Travassos, D. P. M., Hadjiev, G., Werner, O., and Lomniczi, B. 1999. Two novel genetic groups (VIIb and VIIIB0 responsible for recent ND outbreaks in Southern Africa, one (VIIb) of which reached Southern Europe, Archives of Virology, vol. (144): 2087-2099.
Lee, K. E., Jeon, W. J., Kwon, J. H., Yang, C. B., and Choi, K. S. 2009. Molecular epidemiological investigation of NDV from domestic ducks in Korea, Veterinary Microbiology, vol. 134 (3): 241-248.
Lui, H., Wang, Z., Wang, Y., Sun, C., Zheng, D., and Wu, Y. 2008. Characterization of NDV isolated from waterfowl in China, Avian Diseases, Vol. 52 (1): 150-155.
Samuel, A., Nayak, B., Paldurai, A., Xiao, S., Aplogan, G. L., Awoume, K. A., Webby, R. J., Ducatez, M. F., Collins, P. L., and Samal, S. K. 2013. phylogenetic and pathotypic characterization of NDV circulating in West Africa and efficacy of a current vaccine, Journal of Clinical Microbiology, vol. 51 (3): 771-781.
SSL., 2015. Statistics Sierra Leone, Population and Housing Census. http://www.statistics.sl.
Conteh, A. M., and Sesay, A. R., 2019. Current status of indigenous chicken production in Moyamba District. International Journal of Research Studies in Microbiology and Biotechnology, 5 (3): pp. 7-16. DOI: http://dx.doi.org10.20431/2454-9428.0503003.
Nwanta, J. A., 2003. Field vaccination trial with Rehman, 2004. Newcastle disease virus in the Newcastle Disease Vaccine (NDV4HR) in local intestinal contents of broilers and layers. Pak. Vet. Chicken in Kaduna State, Nigeria. A PhD J., 24: 28-30. Dissertation, Ahmdu Bello University Zaria, Nigeria.
Sharma, R. N., Brejeon, A., Bruyant, S., Tiwari, K., Chikweto, A., Bhaiyat, M. I., 2015. Seroprevalence of Newcastle disease, chicken infectious anemia and avian influenza in indigenous chickens in Grenada, West Indies. Journal of Animal Research. 1-5.
Jibril, A. H., Umoh, J. U., Kabir, J., Saidu, L., Magaji, A. A., Bello, M. B., and Raji, A. A., 2014. Newcastle disease in local chickens of live bird markets and households in Zamfara State, Nigeria. Hindawi Publishing Corporation ISRN Epidemiology. Volume 2014, Article ID 513961, 4 pages. http://dx.doi.org/10.1155/2014/513961.
Ali, A., Aini, I., Abdulrahman, O., Siti, Z. R., and Mohammed B. S., 2018. Seroprevalence of Newcastle disease virus in backyard chickens and herd-level risk factors on Newcastle disease in poultry farms in Oman. International Journal of Veterinary Science and Medicine, 6 (2): 168-191.
Ohore, O. G., Ozegbe, P. C., Emikpe, B. O., and Okojie, V. E., 2002. Survey of Newcastle disease virus in apparently healthy adult Nigerian indigenous chickens (Gallus domesticus) in Ibadan using ELISA. Af J Clinical and Experimental Microbiology, 3: 38-40.
Sadiq, M. A, Nwanta, J. A., Okolocha, E. C., and Tijjami, A. N., 2011. Retrospective (2002-2009) study of Newcastle disease (ND) cases in Avian Species in Maiduguri, Borno State, North Eastern Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science, 10 (1): 76-81, 2011 ISSN 1682-8356 © Asian Network for Scientific Information, 2011.
Sarkelm, T. M Hagos, A., and Zeleke, A., 2005. Seroprevalence of Newcastle disease in local chickens in central Ethiopia. International Journal of Applied Research in Veterinary Medicine, vol. 3 (1): 25-29.
Musa, U., Abdu, P. A., Qafqang, I. I., Umoh, J. U., Saidu, l., mera, U. M., and Edache, J. A., 2009. Seroprevalence, seasonal occurrence and clinical manifestation of Newcastle disease in rural household chickens in Plateau State, Nigeria. International Journal of Poultry Science, 8 (2): 200-204, 2009 ISSN 1682-8356 © Asian Network for Scientific Information.
Baokye, O. D., Emikpe, B. O., Bonnah, S. G., Adusie, K., 2016. Serological detection of Newcastel disease virus antibodies in local chickens and guinea fowls in the area of Kumasi, Ghana. Brazilian Journal of Poultry Science, 18: 87-92.
Wambura, P. N., 2010. Detection of antibody to Newcastle disease virus in semi-domesticated free-range birds (Numida Meleagris and Columba livia domestica) and the risk of transmission of Newcastle disease to village chickens-short communication. Veterinarski Arhiv, 80 (1): 129-134.
Oladele, S. B., Kazeem, H. M., and Raji, M. A. (1996). Survey for antibodies to infectious bursal disease, Newcastle disease and fowl pox in ducks, pigeons and guinea fowls in Zaria. Nigeria Veterinary journal, 1: 85-87.
Halle. P. D., Umoh, J. U., Saidu, L., and Abdu, P. A., 1999. Prevalence and seasonality of Newcastle disease in Zaria, Niegria. Tropical Veterinary, 17: 53-62.
Oyiguh, J. A., Sulaiman, S. K., Moseko, C. A., Ismail, S., Suleiman, I., Ahmed, S. J., Onate, E. C., 2014. Prevalence of Newcastle disease antibodies in local chicken Federal capital territory, Abuja, Nigeria. International Scholarly Research Notices, Hindawi Publishing Corporation, vol. 2014. "
Browse journals by subject