Volume 8, Issue 4, July 2020, Page: 80-83
Scrotal Morphometric Properties of Yearling West African Dwarf Goats Fed Cashew Nut Shell Based Diets
Ocheja Josiah Omachi, Department of Animal Science, Federal University, Kashere, Gombe, Nigeria
Torhemen Micheal, Department of Animal Husbandry, Akperan Orshi College of Agriculture, Yandev, Gboko, Nigeria
Abalaka Ezra Onuh, Department of Animal Production, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria
Akinleye Sule Bamidele, Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Shaibu Peace Ojochide, Department of Animal Production, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria
Alih Peter Anyo, Department of Animal Production, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria
Odiba Arome Abdulkadir, Department of Animal Science, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
Received: Jun. 4, 2020;       Accepted: Jul. 3, 2020;       Published: Aug. 5, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.avs.20200804.13      View  92      Downloads  46
Sixteen (16) yearling male West African dwarf goats were allotted into four (4) treatment of four goats each. The goats were fed diets containing varying levels of cashew nutshell 0% (T1, control), 10%(T2), 15% (T3) and 20%(T4) at 150g per goat per day and Guinea grass at 500g per goat per day for sixty three (63) days, to determine the effects of cashew nut shell based diets on the scrotal morphometric characteristics of the Goats. The scrotal morphometric measurements were taken before the commencement of the experiment and again on the last day of the experiment. The daily forage intake, and daily dry matter intake values were both significantly different, the daily supplement intake values were not significantly different. The values for final scrotal length, and circumference, were not significant. The final scrotal circumference (14.40–16-50 cm) showed significant (p<0.05) difference, the values for increase in scrotal length were slightly significant (p<0.05) and did not follow any definite trend, values for scrotal weight ranged from 48.90–66.80g and showed significant (p<0.05) differences with T2. having the highest the right and left testicular weights were both significantly (P.<0.05) different. It was there for concluded that the diets containing cashew nut shell had better scrotal morphometric values the control, with T2 (10% cashew nut shell) being the best. The inclusion of cashew nut shell in diets for Goats at 10% level was therefore recommended. Further research using other breeds and classes of goats as well as other species of ruminants were also recommended.
Scrotal, Morphometry, West African Dwarf Goats, Cashew Nutshell, Diets
To cite this article
Ocheja Josiah Omachi, Torhemen Micheal, Abalaka Ezra Onuh, Akinleye Sule Bamidele, Shaibu Peace Ojochide, Alih Peter Anyo, Odiba Arome Abdulkadir, Scrotal Morphometric Properties of Yearling West African Dwarf Goats Fed Cashew Nut Shell Based Diets, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Special Issue: Promoting Animal and Veterinary Science Research. Vol. 8, No. 4, 2020, pp. 80-83. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20200804.13
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Bawala, T. O and Akinsoyinu A. O (2002) Nutritional evaluation of browse Gliricidiasepium and Ficus thoningii foliage in goat diet. Energy utilization and requirement. Proceeding of 37th Conference of NSAP, University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Nigeria Pp 174-176.
Okoruwa, M. I and Adewumi, M. K (2010) Effect of replacing Panicum maximum with dried pineapplepulp on nutrient digestibility and nitrogen balance of west African dwarf Sheep [Nigerian Journal of Animal Science 32: 108-115.
Marriam Webster (2014). Definition of Assay. Medicinnet. Com. ministry of Agriculture (MOA) (1985). Project preparation report- Sheep production project. Annexes: 1-6 Australian Agricultural Consulting and Management Company Pty. Ltd. March 1985.
Wikipedia (2014). Morphomery. Available at: www.Wikipidia.com.
Schoenian, S. (2012). Sheep 201. Beginners guide to raising sheep. Available in: http://www.sheep101.info/201.
Ashwood, A. (2009). Bull Reproduction Soundness: Brahman News. 164.
Nse-Abasi N. E (2015) Testicular and Epididymal Morphometric Characteristics: Viable Indicators of Reproductive. Ability of Farm Animals. American Journal of Biomedical Science. 1 (439–44).
Ifatimehin O. O., Musa S. D and Adeyemi J. O. (2009). An Analysis of the Changing land use, its impacts on the environment of Anyigba Town, Nigerin. Journal of Sustainable Development in Africa 10 (4): 22-29.
AOAC, (1995). Official Methods of Analysis 17th Ed. Association of Analyticalchemists Washington, D.
SPSS (2006): Statistical Package for Social Sciences 16.0 Version. SPSS Inc.
National Research Council (1996). Nutrient Requirements of of Beef Cattle, 7th editionRevised Edition, National Academy Press, Washington D C.
Lakpini C. A. M, Adamu A. M, Ehoche O. W and Gefu J. O (2002). Manual for Small Ruminant Production in Nigeria. Compilation for a Training Workshop on Small Ruminant Production held at the National Animal Production Research Institute, Zaria, Nigeria. 13th–18th January 2002 pp 40–48.
Ambarasu C, Dutta, N, Sharma K, and Rawat M (2004) Response of Goats to partialReplacement of Dietary Protein by a Leaf Mixture Containing Leuceana leucocephala Morus alba and Tectona grandis, Small Ruminant Research 51: 45–56.
Tolera, A. Merkel, R. C Goestch A. L., Sahhe T. and Negesse. T. (2000). Nutritional Constraints and Future Prospects for Goat Production in East Africa. In: Merkel, G. Abebe, and A. L. Geostch (Eds). The Opportunities and Challenges of Enhancing Goat Production in East Africa Proc. of a Conference held at Debub University, Awassa, Ethopia, November 10th -12th, 2000. Pp 43-57.
Ifut O. Y, Inyang U A, Udusi I S, and Adeyemi Y. O (2011) Carcass Yield of West African Dwarf Goats fed Forages and brewers Spent Grains, Nigerian Journal of Agriculture, Food and Environment 7 (2): 17–19.
Ocheja J. O, Peter O. P, Oyibo A and Netala J (2016) Effects of Diets containing varying Levels of Cashew Nut Shell on Scrotal Morphomrtric Characteristics of Growing West African Dwarf Goats. Int. Journal of Agriculture and Veterinary Science 2 (3): 101.
Pant H. C, Sharma R. K, Patal S. H, Shukla H. R, Mittal A. K, Kasiraj R. K, Misra A. K, and Prabhakar J. H (2008) Testicular Development and its relationship to semen production in Murah Buffalo bulls 60.
Compos A. C. N, Nunes Y. F, Silverfiho A. H. S, and Monteiro A. W. U (2003) Parametros Biometricos dotrato genita masculine de esprino sem raca definida Criodo no semi-arid nordestino durante operiod secoe chuvoso Brazilian J Vet Res Anim. Sci 40 (3): 185-189.
[Santos, D. O Simplicio, A. A., (2000). Parametros escrotos- testicularese desemen emcaprino adultos submetidos ainsulacao scrotal pesquisa. Agropecuaria Brasileira, 35, 1835-1841. 106.
Ocheja J. O, Usman G. O, Ahmed S. H, Boyi P. U, Akoh J. O, Adamu A. T and Eboh S (2020) Performance and Feed Bio-Economics of Growing West African Dwarf Goats FedDiets Containing Graded Levels of Steam-Treated Cashew Nut Shell. Animal and Veterinary Science (Special Issue: Promoting Animal and Veterinary Science Research) 8 (1): 14-18.
Nasir M, Njidda A. A, Duwa H, Chibuogwa C. I (2014). Testicular Morphometry of Red Sokoto Bucks fed cotton seed cake. Scholars Journal of Agric and Veterinary Science 1 (4A): 242–248.
Browse journals by subject