Volume 8, Issue 3, May 2020, Page: 55-59
Survey for Newcastle Disease Virus Antibodies in Local Chickens, Ducks and Pigeons in Makurdi, Nigeria
Abah Helen Owoya, Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
Ochola Peter Friday, Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
Ishaya Victor, Department of Veterinary Medicine, College of Veterinary Medicine, University of Agriculture Makurdi, Makurdi, Benue State, Nigeria
Received: Mar. 26, 2020;       Accepted: Apr. 17, 2020;       Published: Jun. 17, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.avs.20200803.12      View  111      Downloads  46
Abstract
This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of Newcastle disease (ND) among some local poultry species from live bird markets (LBM) and households in Makurdi Benue State, Nigeria. A total of 543 (300 local chickens, 199 pigeons and 44 ducks) sera samples were collected between October 2018 to April 2019. Sera samples were tested using Haemagglutination inhibition HI) test. The overall seroprevalence of Newcastle disease virus (NDV) antibodies was 9.9% (54/543). The prevalence of antibodies to ND was found to be higher in ducks 20.5% (9/44), followed by local chickens 10% (30/300) and pigeons 7.5% (15/199) respectively. There was statistical significant association (P = 0.000817) between location of sampling of local poultry and seropositivity for ND. Also there was a statistical significant association (P = 0.0348) between species of local poultry and ND antibody titre. This study revealed that local chickens, ducks and pigeons in Makurdi could play significant role in the epidemiology and transmission of ND to susceptible commercial exotic birds or other local poultry species especially when reared in close proximity. The study concluded that the prevalence of ND antibodies indicated the presence of the virus among the population and ducks and pigeons could be reservoirs and carriers for NDV. Vaccination campaign should be organized for local poultry species for the control of ND in the study area.
Keywords
Newcastle Disease Virus, Antibody Titre, Local Poultry, Haemagglutination Inhibition Test, Live Bird Market
To cite this article
Abah Helen Owoya, Ochola Peter Friday, Ishaya Victor, Survey for Newcastle Disease Virus Antibodies in Local Chickens, Ducks and Pigeons in Makurdi, Nigeria, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 55-59. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20200803.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Reference
[1]
Anosa GN, Adene DF. Comparative tissue reactivity of lentogenic strains of Newcastle disease vaccine in Nigeria. Nig. Vet. J. 2007; 28 (3): 6-10.
[2]
Miller PJ, Afonso CL, Spackman E, Scott MA, Pedersen JC. Evidence for a new Avian Paramyxovirus Serotype-10 detected in Rockhopper Penguins from the Falkland Islands. J. Virol 2010; 84: 11496-11504.
[3]
Aldous EW, Alexander DJ, 2001. Detection and differentiation of Newcastle disease virus avian paramyxovirus type 1. Avian Pathol 2001; 30 (2): 117-128.
[4]
James AA, Samuel M, Olatunde H, Olabode BJ, Adah GR, Okoh M, Echioda O, Alalade DI. Seroprevalence of Newcastle disease virus antibodies in local and exotic chickens in Gwagwalada. Nig. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Hlth 2016; 8 (11) 193-198.
[5]
Kataria JM, Dhama K, Rahul S, Singh SD, Sah RL. Occurrence of Newcastle disease in pigeons in India and immune response following immunization with inactivated homologous and heterologous paramyxovirus. Indian J. Comp. Microb. Immunol. Infect. Dis 2004; 25, 53–56.
[6]
Naveen KA, Singh SD, Kataria JM, Barathidasan R, Dhama K. Detection and differentiation of pigeon paramyxovirus serotype-1 (PPMV-1) isolates by RT-PCR and restriction enzyme analysis. Tropical Animal Health and Production 2013; 10: 01-06.
[7]
Kapczynski DR, Wise MG, King DJ. Susceptibility and protection of naïve and vaccinated racing pigeons (Columba livia) against exotic Newcastle Disease Virus from the California 2002– 2003 outbreak. Avian Dis 2006; 50: 336–341.
[8]
Onapa MO, Christensen H, Mukiibi GM. A preliminary study of the role of ducks in the transmission of Newcastle disease virus to in-contact rural free-range chickens. Trop. Anim. Hlth Prod 2006; 38: 285–289.
[9]
Hill HD, Davis OS, Wilde JE. Newcastle disease in Nigeria. Br. Vet. J 1953; 109: 381–5.
[10]
Echeonwu GON, Iroegbu CU, Emeruwa AC. Recovery of velogenic Newcastle disease virus from dead and healthy free roaming birds in Nigeria. Avian Pathol 1993; 22: 383–7.
[11]
Ibu JJ, Okoye E, Adulugba K, Chah S Shoyinka Salihu E. Prevalence of Newcastle disease virus in wild and captive birds in Central Nigeria. Int. J. Poult Sci 2009; 8: 574–8.
[12]
Nwanta JA, Abdu PA, Ezema W. Epidemiology, challenges and prospects for control of Newcastle disease in village poultry in Nigeria. Worlds Poult Sci J 2008; 64: 119–27.
[13]
Ojeh CK, Okoro HO. Isolation and characterisation of Newcastle disease virus strain in a feral dove (Stigmatopelia senegalensis) in Nigeria. Trop Anim Health Prod 1992; 24: 211.
[14]
Oladele SB, Kazeem HM, Raji MA. Survey for antibodies to infections bursal disease, Newcastle disease and fowl pox in ducks, pigeons and guinea fowls in Zaria. Nigeria Vet. J. 1996; 1: 25-87.
[15]
Matur BM, Dawam NN, Malann YD. Gastrointestinal helminth parasites of local and exotic chickens slaughtered in Gwagwalada, Abuja (FCT), Nigeria. New York Sci. J. 2010; 3 (5): 96-99.
[16]
Adeyemo AA, Onikoyi MP. Prospects and challenges of large scale commercial poultry production in Nigeria. Agric J. 2012; 7: 388–93.
[17]
Adene D, Oguntade A. The structure and importance of the commercial and village based poultry industry in Nigeria. Nigerian Poultry Sector Report. Rome; 2006.
[18]
Solomon P, Abolnik C, Joannis TM, Bisschop S. Virulent Newcastle disease virus in Nigeria: identification of a new clade of sub-lineage 5f from livebird markets. Virus Genes 2012; 44: 98–103.
[19]
Aldous EW, Alexander DJ. Newcastle disease in pheasants (Phasianus colchicus): a review. Vet J. 2008; 175: 181–5.
[20]
Ganar K, Das M, Sinha S, Kumar S. Newcastle disease virus: current status and our understanding. Virus Res 2014; 184: 71–81.
[21]
Fadiga M, Jost C, Ihedioha J. Financial costs of disease burden, morbidity and mortality from priority livestock diseases in Nigeria. Disease burden and cost–benefit analysis of targeted interventions. ILRI Res. Rep. Nairobi, Kenya; 2013, 1–84.
[22]
Tyubee BT. The influence of ENSO and North Atlantic sea surface temperature anomaly (SSTA) on extreme rainfall events in Makurdi, Nigeria. Meteorol. Climate Science 2009; 7: 28-33.
[23]
Thrustfield M. Veterinary Epidemiology. 2nd Edition 2005; Blackwell publishing Ltd, UK.
[24]
Salihu AE, Chukwuedo AA, Echeonwu GON. Seroprevalence of Newcastle disease virus infection in rural household birds in Lafia, Akwanga and Keffi Metropolis, Nasarawa State Nigeria. Int. J. Agric. Sci 2012; 2 (2): 109–112.
[25]
Sa’idu, L, Tekdek LB, Abdu PA. Prevalence of Newcastle disease antibodies in domestic and semi domestic birds in Zaria, Nigeria. Veterinarski Arhiv 2004; 74 (4): 309-317.
[26]
Abah HO, Abdu PA, Assam A. Seroprevalence of Newcastle Disease Virus in Chickens in Six Local Government Areas of Benue State, Nigeria. Int. J. Poult. Sci 2016; 15 (11): 454-458.
[27]
Office International des Epizootics (OIE). Manual of Diagnostic Tests and Vaccines for Terrestrial Animals 2009, 2.3.14
[28]
Abdu PA, Abdullahi SU, Adesiyun AA, Ezeokoli CD. Challenge study on infectious bursal disease in chicks derived from vaccinated hens, Trop. Anim. Hlth. Prd 1987; 19 (1): 47–52.
[29]
Alexander DJ. Newcastle disease. The Gordon Memorial Lecture: British Poultry Science 2001; 42 (1): 5-22.
[30]
Liu H, Wang Z, Wu Y, Zheng D, Sun C, Bi D, Zuo Y, Xu T. Molecular epidemiology and analysis of Newcastle disease virus isolated in China in 2005. J. Virol. Methods 2007; 140: 206-211.
[31]
Ameji NO, Sa’idu L, Abdu PA. Newcastle disease antibodies in apparently healthy wildbirds in Kogi state, Nigeria. Research Journal of Veterinary Sciences 2015; 8 (3): 52-60.
[32]
EL-Yuguda AD, Ngulde IS, Abubakar MB, Baba SS. Village chicken health, management and production indices in selected villages of Borno State. Niger. Family Poult. J. 2007; 17: 1-2.
[33]
Minda AG, Kemal KE, Gezahegne MK. Newcastle disease: Seroprevalence and associated risk factors in backyard and small scale chicken producer farms in Agarfa and Sinana Districts of Bale Zone, Ethiopia. J. Vet. Med. Anim. Hlth 2016; 8 (8): 99-106.
[34]
Lawal JR, El-Yuguda AD, Ibrahim UI. Survey on Prevalence of Newcastle Disease Antibodies in Village Poultry at Live Birds Markets in Gombe, Nigeria. J Anim Sci Livest Prod. 2016, 1: 1.
[35]
Toro H, Hoerr FJ, Farmer K, Dykstra CC, Roberts SR, Perdue M. Pigeon Paramyxovirus: Association with Common Avian Pathogens in Chickens and Serologic Survey in Wild Birds. Avian Dis 2005; 49: 92–98.
[36]
Okeame, AN, Folorunsho AD, Falayi BA. An outbreak of Newcastle disease in guinea fowls (Numida meleagris) in Nigeria Bull Amin Hlth Prod Afr 1988; 36.176-17.
[37]
Bell, J. G and S. Mouloudi, 1988. A reservoir of virulent Newcastle disease virus in village chicken flocks, Preventive Vet. Med. 6 (1): 37-42.
[38]
Bouzari M, Mousavi Morekani R. Seroepidemiology of Newcastle disease in domestic village chickens of plain areas of Isfahan province, central India. Ind. J. Vet. Res 2006; 7: 80-84
[39]
Biswas PK, Barua H, Uddin GMN, Biswas D, Ahad A, Debnath NC. Serosurvey of five viruses in chickens on smallholdings in Bangladesh. Prev. Vet. Med 2009; 88: 67-71.
[40]
Tadesse S, Ashenafi H, Zeleke A. Seroprevalence study of Newcastle disease in local chickens in Central Ethiopia. Int. J. App. Res. Vet. Med 2005; 3 (1): 25-29.
[41]
Zeleke A, Sori T, Gelagaye E, Ayelet G. Newcastle disease in village chickens in the southern and rift valley districts in Ethiopia. Int. J. Poult. Sci 2005; 7: 508-510.
[42]
Office International Des Epizootics (OIE). Newcastle disease. In: Manual of diagnostic tests and vaccines for terrestrial animals 2012; pp 555–574
[43]
Gutierrez-Ruiz EJ, Ramirez-Cruz GT, Camara Gamboa EI, Alexander DJ, Gough REA. Serological survey for avian infectious bronchitis virus and Newcastle disease virus antibodies in backyard (free-range) village chickens in Mexico. Trop. Anim. Health Prod 2000; 32: 381-390.
[44]
Jibril AH, Umoh JU, Kabir J, Saidu L, Magaji AA. Newcastle disease in local chickens of live bird markets and households in Zamfara State, Nigeria. Int. Scholarly Research Notices: Epidemiology 2014; pp: 1-4.
[45]
Killian ML. National Veterinary Services laboratories avian influenza and Newcastle disease diagnostics report. In: Proceedings of the 113th Annual Meeting of the United States Animal Health Association 2009; pp. 590–593, 2009.
[46]
Chollom SC, Emerhirhi FT, Akwaowo EE, Ogbaji JU, Fyaktu EJ. Implication of Newcastle disease virus in local chickens at Live Bird Markets in Jos. Nigeria Int. J. Cur Res 2013; 5: 2872-2874.
[47]
Eze IA, Ike AC. The Serological Status for Newcastle Disease in Local Chickens of Live bird Markets and households in Nsukka, Enugu State, Nigeria. Niger J Microbiol 2015; 29: 3096-3104.
[48]
Musa U, Abdu PA, Dafwang II, Umoh JU, Sa’idu L, Mera UM, Edache JA. Seroprevalence, seasonal occurrence and clinical manifestation of Newcastle disease in rural household chickens in Plateau State, Nigeria. Int. J. Poult. Sci 2009; 8 (2): 200-204.
Browse journals by subject