Volume 8, Issue 3, May 2020, Page: 51-54
Correlation Between Egg Weight and Egg Characteristics in Japanese Quail
Godson Aryee, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Animal Research Institute, Accra, Ghana
Gabriel Adu-Aboagye, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Animal Research Institute, Accra, Ghana
Mark Ewusi Shiburah, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Animal Research Institute, Accra, Ghana
Theresah Nkrumah, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Animal Research Institute, Accra, Ghana
David Amedorme, Council for Scientific and Industrial Research, Animal Research Institute, Accra, Ghana
Received: Feb. 7, 2020;       Accepted: Feb. 20, 2020;       Published: Jun. 8, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.avs.20200803.11      View  124      Downloads  75
Abstract
A study was undertaken to predict the correlation between egg weight and egg characteristics in quail. Data was collected on 102 eggs collected from female quails at 28 weeks. Eggs were numbered, weighed and classified into six egg weight groups: below 9.0g, 9.0-9.5g, 9.6-10.0g, 10.1-10.5g, 10.6-11.0g, and above 11g group. There were 17 eggs per egg weight group. Data was collected on egg weight, shell weight, shell ratio, albumen height, albumen weight, albumen ratio, albumen index, yolk height, yolk diameter, yolk weight, yolk ratio and Haugh Unit. Data collected were analysed using the General Linear Model (GLM) procedure of the Genstat edition 11. The correlation between the various characteristics of egg were determined. The result shows that Albumen diameter, albumen length and albumen width were influenced by size of egg (p<0.05). Albumen diameter and albumen length increases with increasing egg size. There was a positive correlation between egg length and albumen (0.448), albumen diameter (0.463), shell surface area (p<0.01). Egg width, height, shape index, shell ratio and shell surface area were significantly (p>0.05) influenced by the sizes of quail eggs. The egg sizes of above 11g had the best egg length followed by 10.6g-11.0g, 10.1g-10.5g, 9.6g-10.5g, 9.0g-9.5g and below 9.0 g had the least egg length indicating a direct relationship between egg length and egg weight. The positive correlations between the internal and external egg quality traits indicated that the traits can be improved through selection.
Keywords
Correlation, Haugh Unit, Albumen Diameter, Egg Quality, Shell Surface Area
To cite this article
Godson Aryee, Gabriel Adu-Aboagye, Mark Ewusi Shiburah, Theresah Nkrumah, David Amedorme, Correlation Between Egg Weight and Egg Characteristics in Japanese Quail, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 8, No. 3, 2020, pp. 51-54. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20200803.11
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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