Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2020, Page: 29-35
Haematological Traits and Serum Biochemistry of Grasscutters Fed Elephant Grass Supplemented with Concentrate
Gboshe Peter Noah, Department of Animal Science, Faculty of Agriculture and Forestry, Obubra Campus, Cross River University of Technology, Calabar, Nigeria
Ebiloma Stella Osarenakhue, Department of Forestry and Wildlife, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria
Shettima Ibrahim, Department of Animal Science, Federal University, Kashere, Nigeria
Boyi Prince Ufedojo, Department of Animal Production, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria
Netala Jibrin, Department of Food, Nutrition and Home Science, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria
Received: Nov. 13, 2019;       Accepted: Jan. 28, 2020;       Published: Apr. 1, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.avs.20200801.14      View  246      Downloads  80
This study was carried out to evaluate the haematological and serum biochemical indices of Grasscutters fed elephant grass supplemented with different levels of concentrate. A total of fifty grower Grasscutters were randomly assigned to 5 treatment groups of 10 Grasscutters each with 5 replicates with two animals serving as a replicate. The experimental treatments consisted of 1, 2, 3, 4 and 5 for 1, 3, 5, 7 and 9% respectively of concentrate feed supplements which were served at their weekly live weight. The results showed that, except the haemoglobin and blood platelets, all others blood indices measured had no significant (P>0.05) effect. However, Packed cell volume (PCV) (41.61 -41.93%), White blood cells-WBC (2.50 - 2.55 (x 103/ μl), red blood cells-RBC (4.95 - 5.35 x 106/ μl), mean corpuscular volume-MCV (89.25 - 90.80 fl), Mean Corpuscular Haemoglobin-MCH (25.35 - 25.90 pg) and Mean corpuscular haemoglobin concentration MCHC (28.10 - 29.20 g/dl) and haemoglobin-Hb (12.07 - 12.55 g/dl). The results of the serum biological indices showed that total protein was not significantly affected except its fractions. Serum glucose, cholesterol, enzymes and ions except potassium were significantly (P<0.05) affected by the test, however these values were within the normal range for grasscutters when compared to other researchers. It was therefore concluded that, basal feed of elephant grass supplemented with concentrate can be fed without any adverse effect on the blood profile of grasscutters.
Concentrate, Supplementation Regimes, Grasscutters, Haematology, Serum Biochemistry
To cite this article
Gboshe Peter Noah, Ebiloma Stella Osarenakhue, Shettima Ibrahim, Boyi Prince Ufedojo, Netala Jibrin, Haematological Traits and Serum Biochemistry of Grasscutters Fed Elephant Grass Supplemented with Concentrate, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Special Issue: Promoting Animal and Veterinary Science Research. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 29-35. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20200801.14
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
FAO. 2000. World Watch List for Domestic Animal Diversity (p 716). Retrieved from ftp://ftp,fao.org/docrep/fao/009/x8750e03.pdf
Karikari P. K. and Nyameasem, J. K. 2009. Productive performance and carcass Characteristics of captive grasscutters (Thryonomys swinderianus) fed concentrate diets containing various levels of guinea grass. World Applied Science Journal, 6 (4), 337-363
Gbolagada S. A. 2008. Grasscutter/Cane rat farming in the tropics. University of Ibadan Press, Ibadan, Nigeria.
Addo, P. G. 1997. Domesticating the Wild Grasscutter (Thryonomys swinderianus Temminck, 1827) under laboratory conditions. Ph. D Thesis, University of Ghana Legon, Accra, Ghana, pp: 245.
Akinloye A. P. 2005. Update on grasscutter rearing. Thryonomys swinderianus (Temminck), Height mark printers, Ibadan, Nigeria, Pp 21-23.
Opara M. N. and Fagbemi B. O. 2009. Dietary influences of feed types on the haematological Indices of captive-reared grasscutters experimentally infected with Trypanosoma congolence, proceeding of the 10th Biennial conference of the society for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, June 28 - July 3, Lubeck. Germany, pp: 63-67.
Afolabi K. D. Akinsoyinu A. O., Olajide R., Akinleye S. B. 2010. Haematological parameters of the Nigerian local grower chickens fed varying dietary levels of palm kernel cake (p. 247). Proceedings of 35th Annual Conference of Nigerian Society for Animal Production.
Oke U. K., Herbert U., Ebuzoeme C. O. and Nwachukwu E. N. 2007. Effect of genotype on the haematology of Nigerian local chickens in humid tropical environment. Proc of 32nd Annual Conf of the Nig Soc for Anim Prod. 18 – 21.
Maxwell M. H., Robertson G. W., Spence S. and Mc Corquodate C. C. 1990. Comparison of haematological values of restricted and ad libitum feeding in domestic fowl, Blood characteristics. Brit. Poult. Scl. 31 (3): 407 – 413
Adamu S., Thomas A., Iseh N. M., Fatihumi M. Y and Esieno K. A. N. 2006. Normal values of haematology of Nigeria adopted albino rats (Rattus norvegicus) in Zaria. Proc of the 31st Annual Conf of Nig Soc for Anim Prod (NSAP).
Togun V. A., Farinu G. O., Oyebiyi O. O., Akinlade J. A., Ajibok H. O. and Olaniyonu B. I. 2007. Comparative study of the effect of dietary replacement of 15% maize offal with pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan) grain or leaf meal on performance of weaners, rabbits. Proc of 32nd Annual Conf of the Nig Soc for Anim Prod. 217 – 219.
Ameen S. A., Adedeji O. S., Akingbade A. A., Olayemi, T. B., Oyedapo L. O and Aderinola A. 2007. The effect of different feeding regimes on haematological parameters and immune status of commercial broilers in derived Savannah zone of Nigeria. Proc. of 32 Annual Conf. of the Nig Soc for Anim Prod. (NSAP) 146 – 148.
Adekoya A. Y., Ayo A. Y., Sackey A. K. B. and Adelaiye A. B. 2008. Haematological changes in pigs administered with ascorbic acid and transported by road for four hours during the harmattan season. Proc of 42nd. Annual Conf. of the Agric Soc. of Nig. 2008: 659 – 663.
Ladokun A. O., Yakubu A., Otite J. R, Omeje J. N, Sokunbi O. A and Onyeji E 2008. Haematological and Serum biochemical indices of Naked and Normally feathered Nigerian Indigeneous Chicken in the Sub–Humid Tropical Environment. Intl J. of Poult. Sci. 7 (1): 55 – 58 ISSN 1582 – 8356. Asian Network of Scientific Information.
Bush B. M. 1991. Interpretation of Laboratory Results for Small Animal Clinicians, Backwell Scientific Publications, London, ISBN: 9780408108492, Pp: 515
Jain N. C. 1986. Schalm Veterinary Haematology. 4th ed., Lea and Febiger Philadelphia, USA
Schalm O. W., Jain, N. C. and Caroll, E. J. 1975. Veterinary haematology, 3rd Edition, Philadelphia (USA), Lea and Febiger 807pp
Dacie J. V. and Lewis S. M. 1991. Practical Heamatology. 7th edn, Livinton, (ELBS) Church Hill Publishers. Pp 4: 6-7.
Kelly W. R. 1979. Veterinary Clinical Diagnosis. 2nd edn, London, Bailliere Tindall Publishers. Pp 4: 6
Smith P. K. 1985 Measurement of protein using bicinchoninic acid, Anal. Biochem 150: 75-85.
Kusi C., Tuah, A. K., Annor S. Y. and Djang-Fordjour K. T. 2012. Determination of dietar Crude protein level required for optimum growth of the grasscutter in captivity. Livestock Research for Rural Development, 24 (10) http://www.irrd.org/irrd24/10/kusi241
Onyeanusi A. E., Akinola O. O. and Babadoye A. O. 2008. Performance of grasscutte (Thryonomys swinderianus) fed Varying Levels of Dietary Protein. Journal of Innovation and Development Strategy, 2 (3): 1-4.
Wogar G. S. I., Umoren U. E. and Samson R. M. A. 2007. Effect of Legume forage on performance of growing grass cutters fed cassava-based energy and protein diets. Proceeding of the Annual Conference of the 32nd Nigerian Society for Animal Production (NSAP); 18th -21st March, 2007 at the University of Calabar. Pp 56.
Olomu J. M., Ezieshi V. E. and Orheruata A. M. 2003. Grasscutter Production: Principles and Practice. A Jachem Publication, Benin, Nigeria. Pp 8: 67
Bleyere M. N., Mensah S. E. P., Pomalegai C. B., Fantodji, A. T. and Mensah G. A. 2013. Period and Repeatability of Blood Sampling in Reared Grasscutter (Thryonomys Swinderinus Temminck. 1827) in Benin. Journal of Animal Production Advances, 3 (4): 144-157.
Ogunsanmi A. O., Ozegbe P. O., Ogunjobi O., Taiwo, V. O. and Adu, J. O. 2002. Haematological, plasma biochemistry and whole blood minerals of the captive adult African grasscutter (Thryonomys swinderianus Temminck). Tropical Veterinary 20 (1) 27.
Opara, M. N., Ike, k. A. and Okoli, I. C. 2006. Haematology and Plasma Biochemistry of the wild Adult African Grasscutter (Thyronomys swinderianus, Temminck). Journal of Animal Science 2 (2): 17-22
Byanet O., Adamu S., Salami S. O. and Obadiah H. L. 2008. Haematological and Plasma Biochemical parameters of the young grasscutter (Thyronomys swinderianus) northern Nigeria. Journal of cell and Animal Biology vol. 2 (10). Pp, 177-181
Williams W. J. 1983. Examination of blood. In: Haematology. Williams W. J Beutler E, Erslev A. J., Lichtman M. A Ed. McGraw-Hill. New York, 3rd ed P. 9
Mensah G. A., 1997. Ecoethology of the grasscutter (Thryonomys swinderianus (Termminck 1827) rodent hystricomorphe, Bulletin Rech Agro (Benin) 17: 19-31. [In French]
Olabanji R. O., Ojebiyi O. O., Tona G. O. and Olaogun O. 2007. Haematological and serum biochemical response of growing rabbits fed diets containing Mango (Mangifera indica) seed kernel Meal. Proc. of 14th Ann. Conf.
Lindsay D. B. 1977. The effect of feeding patterns and sampling of blood parameters. British Journal of Nutrition. 56: 99-120.
Reece W. O. 1997. Physiology of Domestic Animals. Williams and Wilkins New York. Pp 67.
Dellmann H. and Brown E, M. 1987. Blood and bone marrow. In: Textbook of Veterinary Histology, 3rd Ed Lea Fibiger, and Philadelphia pp. 71-85.
Goto S., Takennako O. Watanabe k. Kawatomo R., Watanabe T. Surgobroto B. and Sajuthi O. 1987. Haematological values and parasitic fauna in freed ranged macaca tonkeuna/ Macaca hecki hybrid group of salawei island; Indonesia primates Pp 42: 27.
Ezeilo G. C. and Obi G. O. 1989. Neutropenia in apparently healthy humans. Nigerian Journal Physiology Science 1: 1-6.
Nayer G. D. 1978. Blood characteristics of the adult donkey. Zentrablatt Veterinarmed. 25: 241-547.
Rowan A. N. 1989. Biological effects of blood loss: implication for sampling volumes and Techniques. ILAR New 31: 5-20
Descat F. 2002. Hematologie du rat: hemogramme et myelogramme. Memoire de Doctoral de Medicine veterinaire a I’Ecole National Veterinaire de Toulouse/France. p 109.
Serrano E., Gonzalez F. J., Granados J. E., Moco D. G., Fandos P. Soriguer R. C. and Perez. J. M. 2008. The use of total serum proteins and triglycerides for monitoring body Condition in the Iberian Wild goat (Capra pyrenaica). Journal zoo Wildlife Medicine. 39 (4): 646-649.
Mitruka B. M. and Rawnsley H. 1977. Clinical Biochemistry and Haematological. Reference values in National Experimental Animals. 1st Edition, New York, USA. Masson Publishing Inc. PP. 106-112.
Ahamefule F. O., Edouk G. O., Usman A., Amaefule K. U., Odua B. E. and Oguike, S. A (2006). Blood chemistry and haematology of weaner rabbits fed sun dried, ensiled and fermented Cassava peel based diets. Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 5 (3): 248-253.
Kaneko J. J. 1989. Clinical Biochemical of Domestic Animals, 4th Edn, London academy Press Ltd. Pp 495-498.
Bone F. J. 1979. Anathomy and Physiology of Farm Animals. 2nd edn. Reston pub. Comp. inc. Virginia USA. Pp 560.
Browse journals by subject