Volume 8, Issue 1, January 2020, Page: 14-18
Performance and Feed Bio Economics of Growing West African Dwarf Goats Fed Diets Containing Graded Levels of Steam-Treated Cashew Nut Shell
Ocheja Josiah Omachi, Department of Animal Science, Federal University, Kashere, Nigeria
Usman Grace Ojali, Department of Food, Nutrition and Home Science, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria
Ahmed Sule Hassanatu, Department of Animal Science, University of Benin, Benin, Nigeria
Boyi Prince Ufedojo, Department of Animal Production, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria
Akoh Josiah Omale, Department of Animal Production, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria
Adamu Abdulmajid Tsobaza, Department of Animal Production, Kogi State University, Anyigba, Nigeria
Eboh Sule, Department of Animal Science, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
Received: Oct. 1, 2019;       Accepted: Nov. 12, 2019;       Published: Jan. 31, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.avs.20200801.12      View  115      Downloads  40
Abstract
Studies on cashew (Anacardium occidentale) nut shell meal for feeding West African dwarf goats were carried out. Four diets containing 0% (control), 10%, 15% and 20% steam-treated cashew nut shell coded as T1, T2, T3, and T4, respectively, were compared. Twenty growing, West African dwarf goats were randomly assigned to four (4) treatments of five (5) goats each. The goats were fed and given water ad libitum. The effects of feeding graded levels of cashew nut shell based diets on performance and, Bio-economics were evaluated. Completely randomized design was used in the experiments. Data obtained were subjected to a one way Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) and means that were significantly different were separated using least significant difference (LSD) both contained in SPSS for window, version 16. Samples of the diets and bamboo leaves were analyzed using standard procedure. Final weight gain, total weight gain daily weight gain, (5.0g, T4 – 13.00g, T4gW0.75) daily supplement intake (44.65g, T4-91.54g, T1) and feed conversion ratio were significantly (P<0.05) different across the treatments. Values for initial weights and forage intake, were not significantly different (P>0.05). Cost of supplement reduced significantly (P<0.05) from T1 to T4. Cost benefit ratio ranged from 0.79 (T2-1.63 (T4) and showed significance differences. This study indicated that cashew nut shell could be fed to growing West African dwarf goats up to 10% level of inclusion without adverse effects on feed intake, growth performance, and feed conversion ratio. Diets containing graded levels of cashew nut shell could also provide a cheaper source of feed, and also help to reduce environmental pollution.
Keywords
Performance, Bio- economics, Feed Intake, West African Dwarf Goats, Cashew Nut Shell
To cite this article
Ocheja Josiah Omachi, Usman Grace Ojali, Ahmed Sule Hassanatu, Boyi Prince Ufedojo, Akoh Josiah Omale, Adamu Abdulmajid Tsobaza, Eboh Sule, Performance and Feed Bio Economics of Growing West African Dwarf Goats Fed Diets Containing Graded Levels of Steam-Treated Cashew Nut Shell, Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Special Issue: Promoting Animal and Veterinary Science Research. Vol. 8, No. 1, 2020, pp. 14-18. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20200801.12
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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