Volume 7, Issue 4, July 2019, Page: 102-106
A Survey of Bacterial Pathogens Detected in Feces and Wool in Small Ruminants (Pilot Study)
María Gallardo, Faculty of Sciences, Austral University of Chile, Valdivia, Chile; Faculty of Sciences, Mayor University, Santiago, Chile
Lucía Azócar-Aedo, Faculty of Medicine and Science, San Sebastian University, Puerto Montt, Chile
Luis Arias-Darraz, Faculty of Sciences, Austral University of Chile, Valdivia, Chile; Fondap Research Center, Incar, Valdivia, Chile
Giorgio Castellar, Fondap Research Center, Incar, Valdivia, Chile
Miguel Salgado, Faculty of Veterinary Sciences, Austral University of Chile, Valdivia, Chile
Juan Cárcamo, Faculty of Sciences, Austral University of Chile, Valdivia, Chile; Fondap Research Center, Incar, Valdivia, Chile
Received: Apr. 15, 2019;       Accepted: May 24, 2019;       Published: Aug. 5, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.avs.20190704.13      View  103      Downloads  27
Abstract
Sheep feces can carry a high concentration of pathogenic and non-pathogenic bacteria, which potentially may contaminate wool as well as the shearers or wool manipulators through direct contact. A pilot study was carried out to determine the presence of bacterial DNA in feces and the degree of bacterial contamination in wool in two species of ruminants. Fourteen 2-month old lambs and 14 kids (7 male and 7 female), uncastrated, no twins, with their mothers, were randomly selected at weaning from a free flock grazing on naturalized pasture of Los Ríos region, Chile. Fecal and wool samples were taken once and analyzed for genomic DNA of Salmonella typhimurium containing the virulence plasmid spv, Eschrichia coli serotype O157, Clostridium perfringens type C containing α toxin and Mycobacterium avium sp paratuberculosis containing the IS900 insertion element. The results showed that lamb and kids feces had higher contents of bacterial DNA for E. coli O157 and SalmT than lamb wool, although only one lamb showed these two bacteria on its wool. The bacterial species influenced the DNA expression for 16S in both, feces (P=0.05) and wool (P=0.0006) and for E. coli O157 and SalmT only in feces (P<0.0001). The sex was associated with E. coli detection in lambs feces (P<0.0007) and in kids feces (P<0.05). The values obtained for MAP IS900 and Cpa DNA contents, considering both species and sex, were undetectable. In conclusion, lamb and kids feces should potentially contaminate wool especially by Eschrichia coli O157 and Salmonella typhimurium, representing a potential health risk and public health concern, especially for shearers and wool handlers.
Keywords
Genomic DNA, Bacteria, Lambs, Kids
To cite this article
María Gallardo, Lucía Azócar-Aedo, Luis Arias-Darraz, Giorgio Castellar, Miguel Salgado, Juan Cárcamo, A Survey of Bacterial Pathogens Detected in Feces and Wool in Small Ruminants (Pilot Study), Animal and Veterinary Sciences. Vol. 7, No. 4, 2019, pp. 102-106. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20190704.13
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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