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Research Article |

Management, Utilization and Chemical Analysis of the Available Crop Residue Feed Sources in the Case of South Tigray, Ethiopia

A study was conducted to assess the available crop residue feed sources, and its’ management, utilization and chemical analysis in southern zone of Tigray, Ethiopia. A survey of 109 representative sample households (hh) was carried out properly. Structured questionnaires, field observations, and group discussions were used to gather data from sampled households. Moreover, chemical composition and in vitro dry matter digestibility (IVDMD) of crop residue was determined. The majority of the respondents indicated that there is no enough crop residue availability in the area which indicates scarcity of enough crop residue mainly associated with drought. The types of crop residue available in the study location were: maize stock, teff straw, sorghum straw, barley straw, wheat straw, pea straw, bean and lentil straw. But the major were; sorghum straw, maize stock and teff straw in terms of production. Majority of the farmer were ranked teff straw as most preferable feed resource followed by barely and sorghum for their cattle feeding. This is associated with smoothness, palatability, best for milk and suitability. The crop residue treatment practices mentioned were chopping/soaking (27%), chopping/threshing (16%) and urea treatment (7.34%) while the rest 40.37% do not practice crop residue treatment mainly because of lack of awareness. Majority of the respondents store the crop residue and the ways of storage were stacked outside (54.13%), stacked under shade (16.51%), and baled under shade (29.36%). Salt, local beverage, by product (Atela) and fodder were the mentioned supplements feed resources. Salt was reported as sole supplemental feed resource by majority of respondents (55.05%). The major constraints of crop residue mentioned were termite and mould, hence proper storage is crucial to avoid feed loss. Teff and wheat straw crop residue crude protein content were ranged from 7.90 to 4.79%, respectively. The highest invitro dry matter digestibility was noted in maize straw while the lowest was in sorghum. Moreover, awareness should be given to farmers on means of storage, treatment and processing of crop residues to improve shelf life and nutritive values of the crop residues.

Barely Straw, Crop Residue, Feed, Ethiopia, Teff Straw

APA Style

Edea, C., Taye, S., Hailemariam, A., Taye, A., Asallefew, E., et al. (2024). Management, Utilization and Chemical Analysis of the Available Crop Residue Feed Sources in the Case of South Tigray, Ethiopia. Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 12(1), 31-36. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.avs.20241201.14

ACS Style

Edea, C.; Taye, S.; Hailemariam, A.; Taye, A.; Asallefew, E., et al. Management, Utilization and Chemical Analysis of the Available Crop Residue Feed Sources in the Case of South Tigray, Ethiopia. Anim. Vet. Sci. 2024, 12(1), 31-36. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20241201.14

AMA Style

Edea C, Taye S, Hailemariam A, Taye A, Asallefew E, et al. Management, Utilization and Chemical Analysis of the Available Crop Residue Feed Sources in the Case of South Tigray, Ethiopia. Anim Vet Sci. 2024;12(1):31-36. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20241201.14

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