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Effect of Diets Containing Dried Cashew Apple Pulp (Anarcadium occidentale) on Local Pigs Health Status via Biochemical and Hematological Parameters in South’s Senegal

Despite its recognized zootechnical advantages in improving food security and reducing poverty worldwide, the pig remains neglected, and unlike other animal species, its breeding is little studied in Senegal. Mainly raised extensively in rural areas of Casamance, pig farming still faces a major feeding problem, hence the need to make the most of inexpensive, locally available feed resources that are often overlooked by stakeholders, while ensuring their harmlessness for the health of the animals. In this context, the aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of incorporating dried cashew apple pulp (CAP) into the diets on the health status of local pigs, via biochemical and hematological parameters. Conducted during 112 days in the Sédhiou region, the trial involved 84 local piglets weighing 11 kg body live weight and aged 3 to 5 months. These piglets were evenly distributed according to live weight and sex into 4 batches of 21 subjects each, subdivided into 3 replicates of 7 subjects, corresponding to the 4 dietary treatments for fattening pigs, CAP0 (control feed), CAP10, CAP15 and CAP20 containing 0, 10, 15 and 20% CAP respectively. The pigs were reared in a station, identified, dewormed and fed ad libitum with the mealy diets (CAP0, CAP10, CAP15 and CAP20) produced, and watered with drinking water. On the eve of start-up (day-1), on days 60 and 112 of the trial, two blood samples (in dry and EDTA tubes respectively) were taken from each of the pigs batched according to the dietary feed, and subjected to biochemical and hematological analysis respectively. The biochemical and hematological data obtained or calculated in the Excel by treatment were subjected to a one-factor ANOVA test at the 5% threshold with SPSS-v.23 software, supplemented by the DUNCAN post-hoc test to locate variations between means, when the former showed a significant difference between treatments. The Student's t-test of the same software was also used to compare the averages of biochemical and hematological parameters obtained in all pigs of the different batches before the start of the trial with those obtained in subjects fed each of the CAP-based diets during the experiment. The results show that the incorporation of CAP into the diet of growing-finishing pigs had no adverse effect on biochemical and hematological parameters. It was concluded that CAP can be incorporated up to 20% in the diet of fattening pigs without affecting their health status.

Biochemical and Hematological Parameters, Diets, Dried Cashew Apple Pulp, Local Pig

APA Style

Atchiwassa, S., Ayssiwede, S. B., Kadja, M. C., Kalandi, M., Ossebi, W., et al. (2024). Effect of Diets Containing Dried Cashew Apple Pulp (Anarcadium occidentale) on Local Pigs Health Status via Biochemical and Hematological Parameters in South’s Senegal. Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 12(1), 19-30. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.avs.20241201.13

ACS Style

Atchiwassa, S.; Ayssiwede, S. B.; Kadja, M. C.; Kalandi, M.; Ossebi, W., et al. Effect of Diets Containing Dried Cashew Apple Pulp (Anarcadium occidentale) on Local Pigs Health Status via Biochemical and Hematological Parameters in South’s Senegal. Anim. Vet. Sci. 2024, 12(1), 19-30. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20241201.13

AMA Style

Atchiwassa S, Ayssiwede SB, Kadja MC, Kalandi M, Ossebi W, et al. Effect of Diets Containing Dried Cashew Apple Pulp (Anarcadium occidentale) on Local Pigs Health Status via Biochemical and Hematological Parameters in South’s Senegal. Anim Vet Sci. 2024;12(1):19-30. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20241201.13

Copyright © 2023 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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