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Review Article |

Honey Physiochemical Properties and Factors Associated with Honey Quality in Ethiopia: A Review

Honey is a naturally sweet material made by honey bees from plant nectar or secretions. The bees gather the nectar or secretions, change it by mixing it with other components, deposit, dehydrate, store, and then leave it in the honey comb to ripen and mature. Honey contains 80–85% carbohydrates, 15–17% water, 0.3% proteins, 0.2% ashes, small amounts of amino acids, vitamins, and other components in low concentrations. However, this component fluctuates depending on the impurities that affect the honey's quality. Thus, the current review aimed to provide information on physiochemical properties of honey and the factors that affect honey physiochemical properties. Obtaining premium honey and other bee products is the ultimate aim of beekeeping. However, factors like a lack of improved bee hive technology, chemical application, honey bee disease, predators, pests, honey harvesting and processing methods, honey adulteration, toxic plants, and intensifying farming practices are the main ones that negatively affect the quality and composition/physiochemical properties of honey. In addition to these difficulties, the physiochemical characteristics of honey deviate from those established by the Condex Alimentariuse Commissions, Ethiopian Apiculture Board, and European Union. The government and non-governmental organizations should therefore provide training on the challenges of honey production related to honey's physiochemical properties to all beekeepers and other stakeholders who participate in the beekeeping sector directly or indirectly in order to mitigate the problem of honey quality reduction.

Adulteration, Agrochemical, Honey, Toxic Plants, Quality Parameter

APA Style

Tirfie, A. M. (2024). Honey Physiochemical Properties and Factors Associated with Honey Quality in Ethiopia: A Review. Animal and Veterinary Sciences, 12(1), 11-18. https://doi.org/10.11648/j.avs.20241201.12

ACS Style

Tirfie, A. M. Honey Physiochemical Properties and Factors Associated with Honey Quality in Ethiopia: A Review. Anim. Vet. Sci. 2024, 12(1), 11-18. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20241201.12

AMA Style

Tirfie AM. Honey Physiochemical Properties and Factors Associated with Honey Quality in Ethiopia: A Review. Anim Vet Sci. 2024;12(1):11-18. doi: 10.11648/j.avs.20241201.12

Copyright © 2024 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.

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